Croup

Immune System


Clinicals - History

Fact Explanation
{"ops":[{"insert":"Introduction"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Croup is a viral infection of the respiratory tract that generally occurs in children. Parainfluenza types 1 and 3 are the most commonly implicated pathogens. Influenza A and B, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and metapneumovirus are other key agents."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Barking cough"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Patients with croup will have a characteristic cough that is reminiscent of a seal barking; this appears abruptly and is more common in severe disease. The underlying cause appears to be inflammation of the trachea and other subglottic structures."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Stridor"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Patients may manifest high-pitched wheezing sounds. This is due to turbulent airflow through partially obstructed airways."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Nonspecific symptoms"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"A prodromed of nonspecific syptoms such as cough, rhinorrhea, coryza, and fever often precedes the barking cough and stridor by 24 to 72 hours."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Introduction"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Croup is a viral infection of the respiratory tract that generally occurs in children. Parainfluenza types 1 and 3 are the most commonly implicated pathogens. Influenza A and B, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and metapneumovirus are other key agents."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Barking cough"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Patients with croup will have a characteristic cough that is reminiscent of a seal barking; this appears abruptly and is more common in severe disease. The underlying cause appears to be inflammation of the trachea and other subglottic structures."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Stridor"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Patients may manifest high-pitched wheezing sounds. This is due to turbulent airflow through partially obstructed airways."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Nonspecific symptoms"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"A prodromed of nonspecific syptoms such as cough, rhinorrhea, coryza, and fever often precedes the barking cough and stridor by 24 to 72 hours."}]}

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