Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Respiratory System


Clinicals - History

Fact Explanation
{"ops":[{"insert":"Daytime sleepiness"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"This is a common and important symptom, as untreated OSA can lead to accidents due to extreme daytime sleepiness.\n\nThis is due to the interrupted sleep patterns of these patients resulting in non-restorative sleep."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Loud snoring"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Patients may be blissfully unaware of this important symptom; it often has to be elicited from their partner or family members.\n\nThis is due to the obstruction of airflow during sleep that is caused by the recurrent collapse of the velopharyngeal or oropharyngeal airway."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Apneic episodes during sleep"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"The patient\u0027s partners and family members may complain of cessation of breathing during sleep. This may trigger awakening with sudden gasping.\n\nThis is due to the obstruction of airflow during sleep that is caused by the recurrent collapse of the velopharyngeal or oropharyngeal airway."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Male gender"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Male gender increases the risk of OSA. The cause for this is not entirely clear but is thought to be due to anatomical reasons."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Morning headaches"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Headaches on waking are a recognized symptom of OSA. The exact cause for this is unclear. Potential etiologies include night-time hypercapnia with vasodilation; an increase in intracranial pressure; and\/or sleep disturbances."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Cognitive impairment"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"OSA can impact attention, memory, visuospatial function, and executive function. The exact cause for this is unclear."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Mood changes"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"There is an association between OSA and depression. The exact cause for this relationship is unclear, but is thought to be due to fragmented sleep."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Daytime sleepiness"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"This is a common and important symptom, as untreated OSA can lead to accidents due to extreme daytime sleepiness.\n\nThis is due to the interrupted sleep patterns of these patients resulting in non-restorative sleep."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Loud snoring"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Patients may be blissfully unaware of this important symptom; it often has to be elicited from their partner or family members.\n\nThis is due to the obstruction of airflow during sleep that is caused by the recurrent collapse of the velopharyngeal or oropharyngeal airway."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Apneic episodes during sleep"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"The patient\u0027s partners and family members may complain of cessation of breathing during sleep. This may trigger awakening with sudden gasping.\n\nThis is due to the obstruction of airflow during sleep that is caused by the recurrent collapse of the velopharyngeal or oropharyngeal airway."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Male gender"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Male gender increases the risk of OSA. The cause for this is not entirely clear but is thought to be due to anatomical reasons."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Morning headaches"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Headaches on waking are a recognized symptom of OSA. The exact cause for this is unclear. Potential etiologies include night-time hypercapnia with vasodilation; an increase in intracranial pressure; and\/or sleep disturbances."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Cognitive impairment"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"OSA can impact attention, memory, visuospatial function, and executive function. The exact cause for this is unclear."}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"Mood changes"},{"insert":"\n"}]}
{"ops":[{"insert":"There is an association between OSA and depression. The exact cause for this relationship is unclear, but is thought to be due to fragmented sleep."}]}

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